12 basic principles of animation

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12 basic principles of animation

Of course they weren't old men at the time, but young men who were at the forefront of exciting discoveries that were contributing to the development of a new art form.

The illusion of life on Vimeo

These principles came as a result of reflection about their practice and through Disney's desire to devise a way of animating that seemed more 'real' in terms of how things moved, and how that movement might be used to express character and personality.

It needs to be said that many brilliant moments of animation have been created without reference to, or knowledge of, these principles. However they are appropriate for a particular style of cartoon animation and provide the means to discuss and critique the craft in a language that animators have come to understand - "you need to anticipate that action to give it more punch" - "why don't you put more follow through on the coat tail?

For a more extensive explanation of these principles, refer to this seminal text. Also squash and stretch is useful in animating dialogue and doing facial expressions.

How extreme the use of squash and stretch is, depends on what is required in animating the scene. Usually it's broader in a short style of picture and subtler in a feature. It is used in all forms of character animation from a bouncing ball to the body weight of a person walking.

This is the most important element you will be required to master and will be used often.

Squash and Stretch

A dancer does not just leap off the floor. A backwards motion occurs before the forward action is executed. The backward motion is the anticipation.

A comic effect can be done by not using anticipation after a series of gags that used anticipation. Almost all real action has major or minor anticipation such as a pitcher's wind-up or a golfers' back swing.

12 basic principles of animation

Feature animation is often less broad than short animation unless a scene requires it to develop a characters personality. STAGING A pose or action should clearly communicate to the audience the attitude, mood, reaction or idea of the character as it relates to the story and continuity of the story line.

The effective use of long, medium, or close up shots, as well as camera angles also helps in telling the story. There is a limited amount of time in a film, so each sequence, scene and frame of film must relate to the overall story. Do not confuse the audience with too many actions at once.

12 basic principles of animation

Use one action clearly stated to get the idea across, unless you are animating a scene that is to depict clutter and confusion. Staging directs the audience's attention to the story or idea being told.

Message from Learn.Genetics

Care must be taken in background design so it isn't obscuring the animation or competing with it due to excess detail behind the animation. Background and animation should work together as a pictorial unit in a scene.Award-winning master animator, author and teacher Tony White offers 29 outstanding online tutorials on the core principles and techniques of 2D yunusemremert.comh extensive illustrated text-based lectures and over 4 hours of over-the-shoulder, apprentice-style video tutorials, Tony offers the finest foundation material possible in here presenting "Mastering 2D Animation"!

Easier - Flight is the ability to fly. It is the act of traveling or moving through the air. Harder - Humans first observed flight in other animals in the natural world. Birds have wings and most have the ability to fly.

12 basic principles of animation - Wikipedia

Disney's Twelve Basic Principles of Animation were introduced by the Disney animators Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas in their book The Illusion of Life: Disney Animation. Johnston and Thomas in turn based their book on the work of the leading Disney animators from the s onwards, and their effort to produce more realistic animations.

This profusely illustrated book offers a basic course for beginners in the art and practice of digital animation. Step-by-step tutorials and projects teach students how to create animation for TV, movies, computer games, Web sites, and other media.

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While there is a clear difference between human character animation and motion design (or motion graphics), the 12 principles are still applicable across these processes.

12 Basic Principles of Animation in Motion Design - HOW Design