Rand first made her name as a novelist, publishing We the LivingThe Fountainheadand her magnum opus Atlas Shrugged These philosophical novels embodied themes she subsequently developed in nonfiction form in a series of essays and books written in the s and s.
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. When the best creative minds are systematically removed from the world, their importance is laid bare. Without the great thinkers, society spirals quickly downward.
The economy collapses, and irrational looters seize power. As the events of the novel show, the mind enables creation and innovation and powers the engine of the world.
Labor alone cannot achieve productivity and prosperity without the guidance of the mind. Incentive is destroyed, and corruption becomes inevitable. The story of the Twentieth Century Motor Company illustrates this brilliantly. After the plant adopted a method in which workers were paid according to perceived needs and ordered to work based on perceived ability, the workers became depraved and immoral, each seeking to show himself or herself as most needy and least skilled.
The plant failed, and the community was destroyed by mistrust and greed. For Rand, any economic or political plan based on sacrifice of the individual for the group leads to chaos and destruction.
The Need to Integrate Mind and Body Rand rejects the mind-body dichotomy that is central to many philosophies and religions. She opposes the idea that the thoughts and achievements of the mind are pure and noble, but the desires of the body are base and immoral, and she presents Dagny as a character who also rejects the idea.
Dagny is proud of her sexuality and sees her physical desires flowing logically from the evaluations and rationality of her mind.
At first, Rearden accepts the mind-body split. His transformation occurs when he comes to integrate the two facets of himself into a rational whole.
Stadler represents another aspect of this mind-body dichotomy. He sees the pure science of the mind as removed from practical affairs and wonders why the mind that made the motor would bother with practical applications.
For him, the mind is cut off not just from the body but from practical life.Born February 2, , Ayn Rand published her first novel, We the Living, in Anthem followed in It was with the publication of The Fountainhead () and Atlas Shrugged () that she achieved her spectacular success. Rand’s unique philosophy, Objectivism, has gained a worldwide audience.
The fundamentals of her philosophy are put forth in three nonfiction books, Introduction to.
Philosophy: Who Needs It [Ayn Rand, Leonard Peikoff] on yunusemremert.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This collection of essays was the last work planned by Ayn Rand before her death in In it, she summarizes her view of philosophy and deals with a broad spectrum of topics.
According to Ayn Rand. This year, the Ayn Rand Institute held a weekly online reading group for Atlas Shrugged called The Atlas Project. Please select your level of familiarity with this program.
yunusemremert.com is the official website of the Ayn Rand Institute (ARI), the source for information on the life, writings and work of novelist-philosopher Ayn Rand.
ATLAS SHRUGGED. WINNING ESSAY. John Galt does not let others punish him for acting selfishly. While society holds Dagny and Hank Rearden hostage for much of the book, Galt d oes not give that society anything Rand, Ayn.
Atlas Shrugged. New York: Signet, 7.
Print. The nation which had once held the creed that greatness is achieved by production, is now told that it is achieved by squalor. Ayn Rand - Atlas Shrugged.