When the war in Europe ended in Maymore than 1 million and perhaps as many as 1. But the Hitlerian beast is quite different. It would devour the dearest of us, those who arouse the greatest compassion—our innocent children. Many would face the future without parents, grandparents, or siblings.
During the Holocaust, children were subjected to many injustices and cruelties. At first, Jewish and Gypsy children were restricted from going to school, and German children were taught that the Jews and Gypsies were racially inferior. One of the methods used to teach Gentile children about this inferiority was to have Jewish children come to the front of the classroom while the teacher pointed out their distinguishing features.
Shortly, restrictions were placed on the Jews and later they were forbidden to go to German schools at all. Later, the Jews were forced to live in ghettos with their families.
The conditions in these ghettos were very bad and children often risked their lives to smuggle food into the ghetto in order to help feed their families.
Many children were left homeless in the ghettos as their parents were either killed or deported to concentration camps. Children were also deported to concentration camps where in some cases medical experiments were performed on them or they were subjected to slave labor.
Some of the most notorious examples of experiments were performed by Josef Mengele who focused on children and adults who were twins and those with unusual features or handicaps. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Children and the Holocaust outlines ways in which children were included in the Nazi persecution.
Children of the Holocaust: Joseph Heinrich tells his story. Descriptions of women who were children during the Holocaust. French children of the Holocaust. The Twins of Auschwitz. Children in Hiding Some Jewish children were forced to hide with their families in concealed closets, holes, or even sewers.
Living under these conditions prevented children from experiencing their childhood because they had to stay quiet and still continuously for weeks or months.
Some of these families received small amounts of food from people who knew where they were hiding. Other children hid their identities by living with Gentile families or traveling through the country and assuming Christian lives. Some children were able to conceal their identities because they blended in with the non-Jewish community.
Other children survived by working for short periods in villages and then moving on. As a result of hiding, many children suffered from identity crises both during and after the war. When they were allowed to follow the Jewish faith again, many found it difficult to find their place either in the Christian or the Jewish religions.
Andrew Salamon was a child during the war and found many ways to disguise his real identity. Mia, Ab, and Wim Ikkersheim: Memories of Hidden Children.
Slave Labor At the concentration camps, very young children and the elderly were immediately sent to the gas chambers. Older children and young adults were kept for slave labor.
The conditions in these labor camps were deplorable including malnutrition, poor protection from the elements, and hard labor. The work that the people at the camps were forced into ranged from electrical work to carrying heavy stones for construction to burying the dead.
The laborers were kept in the camps until they reached a point where they could no longer work at which time they were exterminated. In order to survive these conditions, the young people in the camps formed very close ties with each other.
Oftentimes they had become separated from their family members and developed new relationships within their barracks.
Despite this tenuous support, all of these children suffered emotionally from the horrible conditions and treatment they endured and witnessed. Kindertransport Following Kristallnacht, the Night of the Broken Glass, on November 9,groups of children were transported to Britain for sanctuary via a program called "Kindertransport.
This fee was paid primarily by the residents of the UK rather than by the government. In addition, the children had to be between the ages of 3 and 17 and they had to leave Germany alone, without their parents.
Ten thousand children were transported to the UK on trains via Holland. Helga Waldman tells her story of leaving Germany on a Kindertransport.
A brief history of the Kindertransports is located at the Kindertransport Association Web site.Children of the Holocaust explores the Holocaust through the eyes of the children who survived. Personal testimonies, diaries and quotes convey the tragedy of this historic period, as well as those moments of great fortitude, courage, and yunusemremert.coms: 1.
We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. This portion of the Museum of Tolerance site is dedicated to the children of the Holocaust. Each of the children featured are accompanied with a biography and photograph. Over one million children under the age of sixteen died in the Holocaust - plucked from their homes and stripped of their childhoods, they lived and died during the dark years of the Holocaust and were victims of the Nazi regime.
The SS and their accomplices murdered approximately million Jewish children, thousands of Roma (Gypsy) children, German children who had mental or physical disabilities and Polish children. CHILDREN DURING THE HOLOCAUST.
T he innocent world of Jewish children living in Germany changed when the Nazis came to power in The Jews were a special target of Nazi ideology and policies, which ultimately resulted in the Holocaust.
From the very beginning, Jews and their children suffered at the hands of the Nazis.