The disorder was first identified about ten years ago as the result of years of studying interpersonal relationships in families of alcoholics. Co-dependent behavior is learned by watching and imitating other family members who display this type of behavior. Who Does Co-dependency Affect? Co-dependency often affects a spouse, a parent, sibling, friend, or co-worker of a person afflicted with alcohol or drug dependence.
History[ edit ] According to disability studies specialist Lennard J. Davishistorically, the concept of co-dependence "comes directly out of Alcoholics Anonymouspart of a dawning realization that the problem was not solely the addict, but also the family and friends who constitute a network for the alcoholic.
Whereas early on psychoanalytic theory emphasized the oral character and structural basis of dependency, social learning theory considered a tendency to be acquired by learning and experience, and ethological attachment theory posited that attachment or affectional bonding is the basis for dependency.
All three theories have contributed to the concept of dependent personality disorder as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM of the American Psychiatric Association. The definition and criteria have changed in the different versions of the DSM. In DSM-I, passive dependency personality was characterized by helplessness, denialand indecisiveness, and was considered a subtype of passive aggressive personality.
By DSM-IV, there were nine criteria with an essential feature of a pervasive or lifetime pattern of dependent and submissive behavior.
The DSM-IV definition emphasized the excessive need to be taken care of, leading to submissive and clinging behavior and fear of separation. Inshe proposed that some people adopt what she termed a "Moving Toward" personality style to overcome their basic anxiety.
Essentially, these people move toward others by gaining their approval and affection, and subconsciously control them through their dependent style.
They are unselfish, virtuous, martyr-like, faithful, and turn the other cheek despite personal humiliation.
Approval from others is more important than respecting themselves. The expansion of the meaning of codependency happened very publicly. A Guide for Professionals. Symptoms and behaviors[ edit ] Codependency does not refer to all caring behavior or feelings, but only those that are excessive to an unhealthy degree.
Responsibility for relationships with others needs to coexist with responsibility to self. Codependency can occur in any type of relationship, including family, work, friendship, and also romantic, peer or community relationships.Codependency is a controversial concept for a dysfunctional helping relationship where one person supports or enables another person's addiction, poor mental health, immaturity, irresponsibility, or under-achievement.
Among the core characteristics of codependency, the most common theme is an excessive reliance on other people for approval and a sense of identity.
Codependency refers to a psychological construct involving a type of unhealthy relationship that people can share with those close to them. It was originally thought to involve families of substance abuse but has since grown to include other types of dysfunctional relationships.
Codependency: A grass roots construct's relationship to shame-proneness, low self-esteem, and childhood parentification. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 27 (1), Co-dependency stems from the basic core belief that "Basically I am bad and unworthy of love." The strength and severity of this core belief is dependent on a person's level of self love.
Sep 20, · Co-Dependency is common in families with addiction and substance abuse. There are many degrees of co-dependency. The severity of the condition is variable, and the .
Codependency is a set of maladaptive, compulsive behaviors learned by family members in order to survive in a family that is experiencing great emotional pain and stress. It is a dependency on people - on their moods, behaviors, sickness or well-being, and their love.