By Aditi Chopra Electricity Introduction: Electricity is a great boon of Modern Science. Electricity has removed darkness from the world and has illuminated every sphere of human activity.
Washing machines, dishwashers, vacuums, automobiles and numerous other machines are more or less givens as accessories to contemporary life. Of course, some people do not possess these accouterments, but, most can be rented or used at commercial facilities.
Whether they are owned or let, the power to operate Essay on invention of electricity various machines is obligingly available. At the end of the 20th century, these types of machines and the power to run them have become integral parts of modern life.
So entwined have mechanical devices become with modern life that the not so distant past, before they were established as necessary adjuncts to it, is often viewed with nostalgia and gratitude for the lessons learned during the preceding centuries of drudgery. In a Darwinian view of the history of household technology it is easy to accept that today's home has naturally benefitted form the progress of science and technology.
However, if the interest were the point of conjunction between the home, technology and readily available energy, it would be found in the s.
On the corners of this s intersection between the home, technology and readily available energy stand the housewife, domestic servants and household appliances.
As technology produced more opportunities for women in industry and business, less were willing to spend long hours working for low wages as domestic servants. Middle-class housewives, whose budgets could not accommodate the increase in the cost of domestic help, would be more likely to purchase appliances to ease their own workload than wealthy woman who would probably purchase appliances for their servants to use.
Numerous manually operated appliances were marketed before the s, but, the rapid electrification of urban areas during that decade 3 was complimented by increases in the types and availability of electric appliances which were much easier to use than the manual models.
To persuade housewives that their products would cleanly, safely, and efficiently decrease housework electric companies and appliance manufacturers utilized articles, expositions, women's magazines and advertisements as tools of propaganda.
For example, in the second half of the s the Electrical Development Association EDAan English organization, began to heavily promote the development of the British domestic market 6 through a variety of advertisements emphasizing the rewards reaped by housewives who used electricity.
One ad featured a fashionably dressed woman leaving to play golf during the day because, as the caption insists, she was 'no longer tied down by housework' since she 'spring cleans with electricity' which was readily available 'at the flip of a switch.
In an earlier ad from the American Corporation General Electric, the The Lamp that Lights the Way to Lighter Housework featuring the Edison Mazda lamp, electricity was promoted as a way for the housewife to carry out her duties, such as washing, ironing, toasting and vacuuming, in a well lit environment with the aid of her agreeable and competent electric servants.
This was another argument posed to increase the appeal of electricity to housewives. For example, a EDA poster was carefully composed to communicate this exact message.
Bright white and rising triumphantly in the center of a dense black background is an athletic figure holding a globe in its raised right hand. Looping from the bottom of the globe and held up by the figure's left hand is a 'cord' that curves down to a power station within a white silhouetted skyline extending across the width of the poster.
Dramatically positioned under the skyline in commanding white text is the caption that boldly advises: The use of coal, which must be carefully tended and emits a grimy soot when burned, was limited to fireplaces and stoves.
The heavily polluted skies of 19th century cities are legendary, but rarely are the thick air and sooty surfaces of homes heated with coal addressed. But, coal gas, which is made from carbonized coal, had an unpleasant odor and was somewhat unsafe. If a gas appliance was not completely turned off, or, if a pilot light went out, the resulting build-up of gas could lead to an explosion.
Furthermore, the exposed flame of a gas light could start a fire. Electricity, on the other hand was espoused as clean, invisible, odorless, flexible and tireless.
At any time one simply flips a switch or inserts a plug to have an unlimited and convenient source of energy. The primary disadvantage to the use of electricity is the availability of outlets.
This is, however, a potentially easy problem to remedy. In the s magazines such as Building Age and Electrical World featured articles concerned with ways to include the optimal number outlets in a house to provide the housewife with ample opportunities to use appliances.
Electricity was unlike coal which both required constant tending and produced soot and in preference to gas which was less safe. Praise and promise were heaped upon electricity, electric appliances and their capacity to improve the lot of the housewife.Like telephone, television is a wonderful gift of science after the invention of electricity.
Today, television is an important means of entertainment and education. It has the advantages of both radio and cinema. We can see pictures and listen to their conversations simultaneously.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Nikola Tesla's article The Problem of Increasing Human Energy which first appeared in the June Century Magazine.
Written shortly after his return from Colorado, this piece contains a comprehensive description of Tesla's vision regarding man's technological future. Welcome! How many of the 20th century's greatest engineering achievements will you use today? A car? Computer? Telephone? Explore our list of the top 20 achievements and learn how engineering shaped a century and changed the world.
Electricity gives a wide variety of well-known effects, such as lightning, static electricity, electromagnetic induction and the flow of electrical current.
In addition, electricity permits the creation and reception of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves. The Invention of Electricity: Benjamin Franklin Essay - Electrician You walk into a dark room and flip a switch; suddenly, the room is no longer dark.
Have you ever wondered how the electricity in your business or house works.