Gender differences in students academic performance

Intelligent, hard-working students can affect their peers through knowledge spillovers and through their influence on academic and disciplinary standards in the classroom. The makeup of a classroom-its average family income, the number of children with disabilities, its racial and gender balance-can also create peer effects. Peer effects may even operate through the ways in which teachers or administrators react to students. For instance, if teachers believe that less should be expected of minority children, they might lower their academic standards when confronted with a classroom that has a high share of black or Hispanic students.

Gender differences in students academic performance

More specifically, studies have been conducted assessing the effects of specific extracurricular activities on academic performance. The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the activities in which junior high school students choose to participate have an effect on their academic performance.

The data revealed that, according to the students surveyed, playing sports, watching television, and participating in community service improves academic performance, while playing a musical instrument does not improve academic performance. Therefore, it was concluded that extracurricular activities affect academic performance and that the effect depends on the specific activities in which the student is involved.

The way children choose to spend their free time can affect their school performance; it is not simply traditional in-class instruction that impacts academic achievement. Department of Education revealed that students who participate in co-curricular activities are three times more likely to have a grade point average of 3.

A correlation appears to exist between the activities that students choose outside of the classroom and their academic performance. One of the main controversies is the effect that television viewing of students has on their academic achievement.

The amount and quality of television viewing and family involvement are not the only influences of academic performance. The effects of music and sports are also controversial in their relation to academic performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the activities that junior high school students choose have an effect on their academic performance.

The History of Extracurricular Activities The development of extracurricular activities was slow in the beginning, with many seeing it simply as a fad that would pass and quickly fade out of style Millard,p. Eventually people, including educators, began to see the benefits of extracurricular activities, but it took a while to inure themselves to them.

It is obvious that extracurricular activities have an impact on academic performance and education ever since their inception. The question is, how are extracurricular activities affecting academic performance today?

Extracurricular Activities and Academic Performance Numerous studies have been conducted concerning the relationship between extracurricular activities and academic performance.

Although researchers agree that extracurricular activities do, in fact, influence academic performance, the specific effect that various activities produce is debated. Researchers have particularly studied the relationship between extracurricular activities and academic performance in adolescents.

Darling, Caldwell, and Smith conducted a longitudinal study concerning extracurricular activities and their effect on various aspects of development, including academic performance. A survey containing a list of twenty different extracurricular activities was distributed to students; they were asked to check which extracurricular activities they participated in that year.

Demographic questions, such as their favorite activity, gender, and ethnicity were asked in order to take the social factors and influences into account when calculating the results. The students were also asked what their academic goals were and their grade point average.

AC GENDER DIFFERENCES IN STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND ATTITUDES Ismail Orabi, University of New Haven Ismail I. Orabi, Professor of Mechanical Engineering at . Peer Influence 2 on both the positive and negative roles of peer groups in adolescent socialization and academic performance. According to Castrogiovanni (), a peer group is defined as a small group of. Gender Issues. It's not just the girls who are left behind in gifted education Boys in the arts, girls in math and science - gender IS an issue in gifted education, no matter which gender you are.

The results showed that the students who participated in school-based extracurricular activities had higher grades, higher academic aspirations, and better academic attitudes than those who were not involved in extracurricular activities at all Para. Social Influences of Extracurricular Activities and Academic Performance Numerous studies indicate that extracurricular activities do, in fact, promote academic performance in students.

However, are the extracurricular activities themselves, regardless of outside or social influences, responsible for this impact on academic performance?

Social construction of gender - Wikipedia

Guest and Schneider conducted research on what influence various social factors had on the relationship between extracurricular activities and academic performance. They believed that every school and community assigned certain values to the various activities, putting more importance on some over others.

Guest and Schneider concluded that there are three factors which influence this relationship. All three of these factors work together to influence the relationship between participation in extracurricular activities and academic performance, because each one places a different value both on activities and academics.

Formal Versus Informal Extracurricular Activities Some researchers have divided extracurricular activities into informal and formal activities. The formal activities include activities which are relatively structured, such as participating in athletics or learning to play a musical instrument.

Informal activities, on the other hand, also known as leisure activities, include less structured activities, such as watching television. There have been many studies conducted on the influence that extracurricular activities have on academic performance.

The Relationship Between Athletics and Academic Performance The impact that athletics has on academic performance has been debated over the years—some say the impact is positive, while others say it is negative.

Even today, there is inconsistent evidence, but most research tends to lean toward the idea that participation in athletics does, in fact, improve academic performance. Although this particular study produced a negative relationship between sports and academic performance, many demonstrate a positive relationship.

Stephens and Schaben performed a study looking at the number of sports each student played and its affect on academic performance. Some research indicates that physical activity not only improves academic performance, but has an actual physical benefit for the mind.

Compared to other extracurricular activities, however, athletics does not appear to produce as strong a positive correlation. The question that some researchers struggled with, however, is whether or not their research explains a cause-effect relationship.

The Relationship Between Participation in Music and Academic Performance Studies reflect a strong positive relationship between participation in music and academic performance. This gives the impression that music plays an important role in academic performance.

Milley conducted a case study on students involved in band and orchestra. Studies have been conducted on this relationship in students as young as preschool through college-aged students.

In all age groups studied, music was proven to have a good impact on academic performance.This research aims at studying the relationships between personality traits and academic achievement among students.

Participants were students ( female and 94 male).

Gender differences in students academic performance

A gender study on college students’ academic self-efficacy Student’s Beliefs, Gender Differences, Higher Education, Academic Performance, Students Characteristics 1. Introduction Traditionally, self-efficacy is understood as limited to a MANOVA results for gender differences in the five self-efficacy indexes for the Communication.

The aforementioned research contributions triggered our interest in investigating two relationships. First, we sought to explore the relationship between smartphone addiction risk and perceived stress, which influences satisfaction with life.

Let's begin with two recent studies in which students were RANDOMLY assigned either to single-gender or coed classrooms, with no opt-out. We are aware of no other studies in which students were randomly assigned either to single-gender or coed classrooms, with no parental opt-out allowed.


These differences may be attributed to the psychological differences and cultural influences. Females’ enrollment in vocations is quite different from those of males. However, the issue of gender and students’ academic achievement has remained a controversial one. While some propose that, males perform better than females in academics.

Gender and age differences affect student's performances Introduction Gender and age difference can e a determining factor in the performance of a yunusemremert.comgh there were other factors that affect the performance of a student, age and gender differences are also important determinants.

I compared the performances of students with respect to their ages.

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