Map and cartography

Early Chinese cartography Earliest extant maps from the Qin State[ edit ] The earliest known maps to have survived in China date to the 4th century BC. This tomb is dated to the early Western Hanso the map dates to the early 2nd century BC. The map shows topographic features such as mountains, waterways and roads, and is thought to cover the area of the preceding Qin Kingdom.

Map and cartography

Cartography is the study and practice of creating maps to communicate spatial, topographic, and geographic information effectively. Ornate world maps were characteristic during the "Age of Exploration" in the 15th through 17th Centuries.

Cartography is the science and art of map-making. This field of study deals with the conception, production, and study of maps and charts.

Cartography and Geography are two closely related fields of study, each dependent on the other for correctly describing a place on our planet. Both the disciplines together make it easy for us to understand the world in which we live, our positions on the Earth, and the way life functions here.

The History Of Cartography The history of cartography goes much further back in history than the time when the subject was designated by a name and a definition.

Several prehistoric cave paintings have been recorded as time-worn maps, and artifacts have been preserved hoping that they bear evidence to the location of lost cities, towns, and treasure deposits of the ancient world.

A wall painting, dated to the 7th Millennium BC, might be one of the oldest maps in the world. The modern form of cartography started to develop from the 6th Century BC onward.

ES 551 -- James S. Aber

Ancient Greeks and Romans served as pioneers in this development. The contributions of Anaximander, a Greek philosopher, and Ptolemy, a multi-talented Greek genius, are most notable in this regard. The former was credited with the production of the first documented map of the world while the latter produced Geographia, a treatise on Cartography.

Soon, by the 8th Century, Arabic translations of cartographic work by the Greeks were being made by the Arabian scholars. Inthe Arabic scholar, Muhammad al-Idrisi prepared a medieval atlas incorporating knowledge of the world gathered by Arabic merchants.

Further east, the ancient and thriving civilizations of India and China also produced stalwarts in the field of ancient cartography. Indian astronomers and cartographers had already started mapping the Pole Star and other constellations using age-old mapping systems.

The State of Qin in China is associated with the production of some of the oldest extant maps of the world, some dating as far back as the 5th Century BC. Such inventions as the telescope, the compass, and the sextant soon came to revolutionize the world of cartography.

It triggered the Age of Exploration from the 15th Century through the 17th Century.

Map and cartography

During this time, the European cartographers conducted extensive surveys, explored unexplored lands, and created detailed maps, representing the entire world on small pieces of paper.

Soon, more inventions, discoveries, and explorations gave rise to the modern forms of cartography, the science and art of map-making. General Vs Thematic Cartography Two broad categories, general cartography and thematic cartography, constitute the larger field of cartography.

That said, you may be wondering what is the difference between these two fields of cartography? This cartographic realm involves the production of maps that are meant for a general audience and covers varied aspects related to location and reference systems.

Such maps are often produced in series.

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Examples include a full series of 1: This field of cartography deals with the production of thematic maps based on specific geographic themes, and is usually targeted at specific audiences. The higher volumes of geographic information available in the modern day has encouraged the rapid growth of Thematic Cartography.

Examples may include a dotted map exhibiting rice cultivation in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh or a shaded or patterned map exhibiting demographic information such as the population density of the counties in Texas. What Is A Map Projection?

ADDITIONAL MEDIA

Map projection is the systematic representation of the Earth or a part of the Earth with its meridians and parallels upon a flat surface. Map projections are associated with various forms of distortions. Only a globe can represent areas and shapes with accuracy. Different types of map projections have been devised to overcome the various types of distortions.Map: Map, graphic representation, drawn to scale and usually on a flat surface, of features—for example, geographical, geological, or geopolitical—of an area of the Earth or of any other celestial body.

Globes are maps represented on the surface of a sphere. Cartography is the art and science of making. Cartography is defined as the science and art of making maps or graphical representations/images showing spatial concepts at various scales.

Maps convey geographic information about a place and can be useful in understanding topography, weather and culture depending upon the type of map. Early. Old maps provide much information about what was known in times past, as well as the philosophy and cultural basis of the map, which were often much different from modern cartography.

Maps are one means by which scientists distribute their ideas and pass them on to future generations (Merriam ). Cartography is the science and art of map-making.

This field of study deals with the conception, production, and study of maps and charts. Cartography and Geography are two closely related fields of study, each dependent on the other for correctly describing a place on our planet.

Cartography is the study and practice of creating maps to communicate spatial, topographic, and geographic information effectively. Ornate world maps were characteristic during the "Age of Exploration" in the 15th through 17th Centuries. Cartography is the science and art of map-making.

This field. Cartography (/ k ɑːr ˈ t ɒ ɡ r ə f i /; from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps. Combining science, aesthetics, and technique, cartography builds on the premise that reality can be modeled in ways that communicate spatial information.

History of maps and cartography