Patent trolls

And if you have a website--any website--you are a potential target.

Patent trolls

Purchases a patent, often from a bankrupt firm, and then sues another company by claiming that one of its products infringes on the purchased patent; [6] Enforces patents against purported infringers without itself intending to manufacture the patented product or supply the patented service; [12] [13] Enforces patents but has no manufacturing or research base; [14] Focuses its efforts solely on enforcing patent rights; [15] or Asserts patent infringement claims against non-copiers or against a large industry that is composed of non-copiers.

What is a 'Patent Troll'

InPrice Waterhouse Coopers published research into patent litigation including a study of non-practicing entities including individual inventors and non-profit organisations such as universities.

President Barack Obama said in February that US "efforts at patent reform only went about halfway to where we need to go. The Patent trolls asked Congress to enact legislation to more aggressively curb "abusive" lawsuits.

CongressSenator Orrin Hatch R-Utah sponsored legislation in intended to reduce the incidence of patent trolling. The Patent trolls, called the Patent Litigation Integrity Act, would help judges make patent trolls pay for Patent trolls cost of the lawsuits, especially if the trolls lost the lawsuits.

Supreme Court, claiming to be the 1 target for patent trolls, having faced nearly lawsuits in the preceding three years. Federal Trade Commission FTC settled its first consumer-protection lawsuit against a company, for using "deceptive sales claims and phony legal threats".

The Vermont law prohibits bad faith infringement threats, with bad faith indicated by: The legislation imposes strict notification duties on the entity claiming infringement, and there are potentially strict penalties for non-compliance with the notification process.

Reexamination to invalidate the patent based on prior art can be requested, but requests are typically made only after a lawsuit is filed or threatened about 0.

For example, the JPEG format, intended to be free of license fees, was subject to two patent attacksone by Forgent Networks during — and another by Global Patent Holdings during — Innovation [62] that found significant harm to the economy from such entities and made recommendations to address them.

The report further stated: The risk of paying high prices for after-the-fact licensing of patents they were not aware of, and the costs for extra vigilance for competing patents that might have been issued, in turn increases the costs and risks of manufacturing.

On the other hand, the ability to buy, sell and license patents is seen by some as generally productive. The Wall Street Journal argued that by creating a secondary market for patents, these activities make the ownership of patents more liquid, thereby creating incentives to innovate and patent.

Inventors may have benefited from the developing market in patent acquisition. The argument against the use of the term is that NPEs, in the main, return the majority of a settlement to the original inventor. However, their focus is on obtaining additional money from existing uses, not from seeking out new applications for the technology.

Patent Troll Basics

They monitor the market for possibly infringing technologies by watching popular products, news coverage and analysis. They also review published patent applications for signs that another company is developing infringing technology, possibly unaware of their own patents. They then develop a plan for how to proceed.

Patent trolls

They may start by suing a particularly vulnerable company that has much to lose, or little money to defend itself, hoping that an early victory or settlement will establish a precedent to encourage other peer companies to acquiesce to licenses. Alternately they may attack an entire industry at once, hoping to overwhelm it.

An individual case often begins with a perfunctory infringement complaint[44] or even a mere threat of suit, which is often enough to encourage settlement for the nuisance or "threat value" of the suit by purchasing a license to the patent.

Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC that patent litigation cases must be heard in the state which the defendant is incorporated, shutting down this option for plaintiffs. First, patent owners who make and sell their invention are entitled to awards of lost profits.

However, patent trolls, being non-manufacturers, typically do not qualify. Rather than automatically granting an injunction, the US Supreme Court stated that courts must apply a standard reasonableness test to determine if an injunction is warranted.

Writing in Forbes about the impact of this case on patent trolls, writer Jessica Holzer concludes:Patent trolls drain businesses of billions of dollars a year.

And if you have a website, you're a potential target. And if you have a website--any website--you are a potential target.

Patent trolls may become an endangered species in Mass. - The Boston Globe

The bill goes after the trolls by amending the state’s consumer protection law, with a ban on “bad faith” assertions of patent infringement. A patent troll is a derogatory term used to describe the use of patent infringement claims to win court judgments for profit or to stifle competition.

Patent trolls

A patent troll is an individual or an organization that purchases and holds patents for unscrupulous purposes such as stifling competition or launching patent infringement suits. In legal terms, a patent troll is a type of non-practicing entity: someone who holds a patent but is not involved in the.

Nov 21,  · Pharmaceutical companies despise the patent office’s new powers.

Patent troll - Wikipedia

Information-technology corporations, which incorporate thousands of ideas into one gadget and see themselves as victims of patent trolls, are strong supporters of this relatively cheap and expedient avenue to challenge patents once they have been written.

Last Updated: April 19, The term “patent troll” conjures up all kinds of images and ideas, but what is a patent troll? Unfortunately, there is really no universally accepted definition of.

What is patent troll ? - Definition from